Grafts: the Hair Parts Used During Procedure
Hair transplantation surgery is the method by which singular hair follicles are harvested from the donor area on the scalp and transplanted to the balding part. The donor area of the scalp is where the hair follicles are harvested from and recipient area is where the follicles are implanted to.
Grafts hold healthy hair follicles that are moved to the area effected by hair loss, these follicles are removed from the back of the scalp and are resilient to balding.
Dermis and epidermis surrounding the hair follicles can usually be found in hair grafts removed from the scalp. Numerous small grafts are transplanted into the recipient area instead of a particular strip of skin.
One graft usually consists of 1-3 hairs depending on the patient’s hair and scalp.
Hair transplant methods
The latest hair transplant surgery encompasses techniques that place hair follicle units in groups to have similar look to the natural growth. This method is called follicular unit extraction (FUE), enabling surgeons to place individual hairs into the scalp separately.
Through this technique, follicles of hair are harvested under local anesthesia by using tiny punches of about 0.8 mm. These harvested follicles are later transplanted into the recipient area. This procedure requires sutures therefore it takes approximately seven days to recover.
A different method, the FUT technique involves strip harvesting where a strip of the scalp is removed and cut into small sections to create grafts. Scarring is inevitable during this procedure and recovery time takes two weeks, at least.